Thyroid Disease Facts
Data from the American Thyroid Association says that around 20 million Americans suffer from some kind of thyroid disease. The two main thyroid disorders usually come from hormone imbalance and are called hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. They can be diagnosed via a thorough blood and hormone test, but due to the symptoms which resemble other diseases and conditions, they often go misdiagnosed. Around 60% of people suffering from these disorders are unaware of the problem which is troubling.
The thyroid gland is probably the most important gland in the human body. It controls a variety of vital functions such as our temperature as well as many organs, hormones, and tissues.
What is Hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid produces too much thyroid hormone. It’s usually brought on by iodine deficiency, but inflammation and lumps on the thyroid can also be blamed. By producing too much of the T3 and T3 hormones, hyperthyroidism can cause a variety of health problems.
Graves’ disease might also trigger hyperthyroidism. It occurs when the antibodies in our blood activate the thyroid gland, making it produce too much T3 and T4 hormones.
The main symptoms of hyperthyroidism are irregular heartbeat, weight loss, fatigue, muscle weakness, mood swings, dizziness, and shortness of breath. Additionally, it might also cause hand tremors, dry skin, brittle hair, hair loss, anxiety, weak bones, and even loss of consciousness.
The sooner you start treating the problem, the better. Hyperthyroidism can be quite dangerous if left untreated, leading to a slew of health problems.
What Is Hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism is a common thyroid disorder which occurs due to low levels of thyroid hormones in the blood. The usual culprits are autoimmune diseases. Sometimes, it can occur due to aggressive hyperthyroidism treatment as well as thyroid surgery.
The most common symptoms of hypothyroidism are weight gain, hair loss, pale skin, weakness, memory loss, and muscle cramps and aches. The main symptoms are often accompanied by constipation, depression, hoarseness, stiff and painful joints, dry hair, slow heart rate, and irregular menstrual periods in women.
Left untreated, hypothyroidism can lead to obesity and even life-threatening complications. Just like hyperthyroidism, it requires swift action in terms of treatment including lifestyle and dietary changes.
Treatment of Thyroid Disease
In most cases, thyroid diseases are treated with hormone replacement therapy. However, the exact treatment depends on the cause. It may be anything from nutritional deficiencies to stress. By treating the underlying cause, you can stop thyroid diseases as well.
Here are a few additional tips that can help with hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism:
In order to bring your hormones back in balance, dietary changes are your best bet. You should introduce a number of healthy foods into your diet and complete cut sugar off it. Furthermore, you need to raise your intake of zinc, omega-3 fats, selenium, copper, and iron, since lack of these minerals is often the reason behind thyroid diseases.
Exercise will keep your metabolism active and your thyroid health in check. By staying fit, you will prevent a number of health problems including thyroid diseases.
Reduce Your Stress
Stress is one of those silent killers that can cause quite a ruckus in our body. Reduce stress and learn how to relax in order to keep your thyroid and whole body healthy.
According to some studies, taking hot baths often can detoxify the thyroid gland and prevent thyroid disease. It’s certainly worth giving a try since it’s the simplest form of therapy on the list.
Zinc, sodium, calcium, vitamin D, and similar supplements along with a healthy diet can bring your thyroid gland function in order. Of course, it’s always best to consult with a doctor first before taking them.